Monthly Archives: June 2020

History of Travel & Tourism

2000 years Before Christ, in India and Mesopotamia

Travel for trade was an important feature since the beginning of civilisation. The port at Lothal was an important centre of trade between the Indus valley civilisation and the Sumerian civilisation.

600 BC and thereafter

The earliest form of leisure tourism can be traced as far back as the Babylonian and Egyptian empires. A museum of historic antiquities was open to the public in Babylon. The Egyptians held many religious festivals that attracted the devout and many people who thronged to cities to see famous works of arts and buildings.

In India, as elsewhere, kings travelled for empire building. The Brahmins and the common people travelled for religious purposes. Thousands of Brahmins and the common folk thronged Sarnath and Sravasti to be greeted by the inscrutable smile of the Enlightened One- the Buddha.

500 BC, the Greek civilisation

The Greek tourists travelled to sites of healing gods. The Greeks also enjoyed their religious festivals that increasingly became a pursuit of pleasure, and in particular, sport. Athens had become an important site for travellers visiting the major sights such as the Parthenon. Inns were established in large towns and seaports to provide for travellers’ needs. Courtesans were the principal entertainment offered.

 

This era also saw the birth of travel writing. Herodotus was the worlds’ first travel writer. Guidebooks also made their appearance in the fourth century covering destinations such as Athens, Sparta and Troy. Advertisements in the way of signs directing people to inns are also known in this period.

The Roman Empire

With no foreign borders between England and Syria, and with safe seas from piracy due to Roman patrols, the conditions favouring travel had arrived. First class roads coupled with staging inns (precursors of modern motels) promoted the growth of travel. Romans travelled to Sicily, Greece, Rhodes, Troy and Egypt. From 300 AD travel to the Holy Land also became very popular. The Romans introduced their guidebooks (itineraria), listing hotels with symbols to identify quality.

Second homes were built by the rich near Rome, occupied primarily during springtime social season. The most fashionable resorts were found around Bay of Naples. Naples attracted the retired and the intellectuals, Cumae attracted the fashionable while Baiae attracted the down market tourist, becoming noted for its rowdiness, drunkenness and all- night singing.

Travel and Tourism were to never attain a similar status until the modern times.

In the Middle Ages

Travel became difficult and dangerous as people travelled for business or for a sense of obligation and duty.

Adventurers sought fame and fortune through travel. The Europeans tried to discover a sea route to India for trade purposes and in this fashion discovered America and explored parts of Africa. Strolling players and minstrels made their living by performing as they travelled. Missionaries, saints, etc. travelled to spread the sacred word.

Leisure travel in India was introduced by the Mughals. The Mughal kings built luxurious palaces and enchanting gardens at places of natural and scenic beauty (for example Jehangir travelled to Kashmir drawn by its beauty.

Travel for empire building and pilgrimage was a regular feature.

The Grand Tour

From the early seventeenth century, a new form of tourism was developed as a direct outcome of the Renaissance. Under the reign of Elizabeth 1, young men seeking positions at court were encouraged to travel to continent to finish their education. Later, it became customary for education of gentleman to be completed by a ‘Grand Tour’ accompanied by a tutor and lasting for three or more years. While ostensibly educational, the pleasure seeking men travelled to enjoy life and culture of Paris, Venice or Florence. By the end of eighteenth century, the custom had become institutionalised in the gentry. Gradually pleasure travel displaced educational travel. The advent of Napoleonic wars inhibited travel for around 30 years and led to the decline of the custom of the Grand Tour.

The development of the spas

The spas grew in popularity in the seventeenth century in Britain and a little later in the European Continent as awareness about the therapeutic qualities of mineral water increased. Taking the cure in the spa rapidly acquired the nature of a status symbol. The resorts changed in character as pleasure became the motivation of visits. They became an important centre of social life for the high society.

In the nineteenth century they were gradually replaced by the seaside resort.

The sun, sand and sea resorts

The sea water became associated with health benefits. The earliest visitors therefore drank it and did not bathe in it. By the early eighteenth century, small fishing resorts sprung up in England for visitors who drank and immersed themselves in sea water. With the overcrowding of inland spas, the new sea side resorts grew in popularity. The introduction of steamboat services in 19th century introduced more resorts in the circuit. The seaside resort gradually became a social meeting point

 Role of the industrial revolution in promoting travel in the west

 The rapid urbanisation due to industrialisation led to mass immigration in cities. These people were lured into travel to escape their environment to places of natural beauty, often to the countryside they had come from change of routine from a physically and psychologically stressful jobs to a leisurely pace in countryside.

Highlights of travel in the nineteenth century 

·        Advent of railway initially catalysed business travel and later leisure travel. Gradually special trains were chartered to only take leisure travel to their destinations.

·        Package tours organised by entrepreneurs such as Thomas Cook.

·        The European countries indulged in a lot of business travel often to their colonies to buy raw material and sell finished goods.

·        The invention of photography acted as a status-enhancing tool and promoted overseas travel.

·        The formation of first hotel chains; pioneered by the railway companies who established great railway terminus hotels.

·        Seaside resorts began to develop different images as for day-trippers, elite, for gambling.

·        Other types of destinations-ski resorts, hill stations, mountaineering spots etc.

·        The technological development in steamships promoted travel between North America and Europe.

·        The Suez Canal opened direct sea routes to India and the Far East.

·        The cult of the guidebook followed the development of photography.

 

 

Tourism in the Twentieth Century

 

The First World War gave first hand experience of countries and aroused a sense of curiosity about international travel among less well off sector for the first time. The large scale of migration to the US meant a lot of travel across the Atlantic. Private motoring began to encourage domestic travel in Europe and the west.  The sea side resort became annual family holiday destination in Britain and increased in popularity in other countries of the west. Hotels proliferated in these destinations.

The birth of air travel and after

The wars increased interest in international travel. This interest was given the shape of mass tourism by the aviation industry. The surplus of aircraft and growth of private airlines aided the expansion of air travel. The aircraft had become comfortable, faster and steadily cheaper for overseas travel. With the introduction of Boeing 707 jet in 1958, the age of air travel for the masses had arrived. The beginning of chartered flights boosted the package tour market and led to the establishment of organised mass tourism. The Boeing 747, a 400 seat craft, brought the cost of travel down sharply. The seaside resorts in the Mediterranean, North Africa and the Caribbean were the initial hot spots of mass tourism.

A corresponding growth in hotel industry led to the establishment of world-wide chains. Tourism also began to diversify as people began to flock alternative destinations in the 70s. Nepal and India received a throng of tourists lured by Hare Krishna movement and transcendental meditation. The beginning of individual travel in a significant volume only occurred in the 80s. Air travel also led to a continuous growth in business travel especially with the emergence of the MNCs.

Life Lessons From The Movie "Gulliver’s Travels"

Actor Jack Black’s most recent movie is a modern version of the classic Gulliver’s Travel. Besides being good, interesting entertainment, it contains some good life lessons.

Self Esteem

Inside the movie Jack Black plays a mailroom guy who has been stuck in the position for years and is not progressing in his job. He has a low self esteem of himself and has a crush with a female colleague of another department, but he deems that he is not good and worthy enough and thus dare not ask her out.

Lesson – Our self esteem and beliefs limit our achievement in life. What we think and believe about ourselves will set the limit to what we think we can do and achieve in life. If we have a low self esteem and always think that we are not good and worthy enough, it is unlikely that we will be able to achieve much in life. If we do not believe in ourselves and our own capabilities it is unlikely that others would. With a low self esteem and limiting belief in our own abilities, come fear. It is then highly unlikely that we will venture to take risks or try anything that is outside our comfort zone or are unfamiliar with, and that will keep us small and encaged in the status quo, with little room for improvements and breakthroughs in our lives.

Be Yourself

When Jack Black ended up in Lilliput and saved the king, he suddenly became somebody, which has never happened in his life before. Overnight he became a hero, a saviour, all important and respected. As a result he started to lie and make up tales, living in a fantasy world to keep up his image in the eyes of the people in Lilliput that he is an important person – The President of US, where he came from, so that he would be respected. But of course the day came when his vulnerability and incompetence is exposed and he loses all the respect.

Lesson – Be yourself, do not try to be someone you are not. In life, we need first acknowledge and accept who we are and be comfortable with ourselves. We can lie to others, be inauthentic to try to be someone else we are not, but we will never be able to lie to ourselves and God, and it is a matter of time our disguises and lies will be exposed. More important of all, if we always try to be like some others, worse still put up a false front, identity, or image, we will never be truly happy, as we will then always lead a life of pretense which will be very tiring, unnatural and artificial.

Travel Writing – Write in the Third Person

If you are writing travel articles than consider what is best to enable you to get the maximum possible opportunity for getting your articles published. One of the tips to consider is that of whether to write in the first or third person.

There are some clever and popular travel writers, for sure. Some of them are household names. Others are new and inspiring. These people find it easy to write in the first person. They say “I did this” or “I did that.” Their articles are of a high standard.

However, it can be difficult to write in this way and, especially if you are not established, it can be difficult for readers to connect with you. Frankly, people don’t always want to know what YOU did, what YOU ate and where YOU went. Your article is, after all, not an autobiography. It is a travel article.

People feel more comfortable when you talk and write in the third person (unless they know you or know of you). So, you would say, “proceed down Western Avenue” rather than “I proceeded down Western Avenue” and “try the duck in wine sauce” rather than “I had the duck in wine sauce.”

You are giving your reader a guide, a blueprint and an opportunity to loosely base their travel plans and experiences on the facts you can supply. You are not asking them to live a typical day in YOUR travel itinerary.

Allow your readers to experience the travel information you have in an objective and factual way. Write in the third person, not in the first.

Best Ways to Travel With Paintball Gear

It’s terrible to show up for a tournament and find out your electronic hopper got broken during travel. This fiasco has thrown games for many teams who weren’t as studious as they should’ve been when packing. Your paintball equipment is too valuable to just throw in a giant disorganized duffel bag. Good players pay thousands of dollars on specialized gear; a dented barrel on a $1500 paintball gun is not taken lightly. The travelling paintball athlete must juggle not only packing the right amount of the correct supplies, but also pack them in a secure, protected fashion. The solution is choosing the right size bag for the length of trip you’re taking and what equipment you’ll be needing. Besides a bag specific for your marker, there are basically three types/sizes of bags available for sale.

The paintball backpack is comparable in size and shape to school backpacks or a day pack used by hikers, however specialized to carry paintball gear. These bags are best for carrying your essential supplies to the field and back but rarely have enough room for changes of clothes or even a competition uniform. It’s good to own a paintball back pack just for keeping your important gear together (but separate from your soft items) when travelling for longer time periods. Larger duffel style bags referred to as paintball gear bags will often hold not only your playing equipment but also changes of clothes, uniform and toiletries. These bags are the best choice for overnight trips lasting several days and come in different sizes. Some are more equipped than others for air travel however better for carrying everything you need when driving to an event. When travelling by plane, the best bags to use are paintball suit cases. These are similar in size to paintball gear bags but have hard outer shells or heavier canvas-type fabric. Paintball suit cases offer the best protection for your equipment to be safely handled by an airline.

When purchasing a bag to carry your supplies for travelling, it’s best to shop at a paintball store. In reality, you can use any bag to transport your paintball equipment, however not using specialized gear has the potential for leaving you upset and stranded at your event. The main difference between standard backpacks and travel bags and paintball bags is the bags designed for paintball have specialized features. Paintball backpacks, gear sacks and suit cases have Velcro straps inside to attach your supplies and keep them secure during transport. The best paintball gear bags have compartments to help separate clothing and keep soiled or damp supplies away from dry. Paintball travel bags are also comparable in cost to other similar types of standard bags.

It’s also important to realize certain pieces of equipment may have specific requirements making it safer for travel. Your paintball mask for example should be packed with care. Many paintball masks are made with pliable plastic surrounding the lens that often easily deforms when crammed into a bag with everything else. If this happens or your lenses get scratched you will be distracted all day with uncomfortable eye protection and the game will not be as fun. Transporting a paintball mask can is best accomplished with either a good velvet soft bag and/or a hard goggle case. While this is yet another piece of luggage to tote around with you, it’s the best way to store and carry paintball goggles without warping the plastic or scratching the lens.

Transporting your paintball air tank is perhaps the trickiest piece of equipment to plan for. If flying, you can only travel with an empty air tank; you cannot fly with a full compressed air tank as it will become a bomb and it is against the law. You can however drive with a full air tank. The best paintball compressed air tanks cost more than $200, so even the slightest scratch or tiniest ding can be heart-breaking. The best advice is to always carry your empty air tank inside a sturdy rubberized tank cover and then wrap the entire thing in bubble wrap and pack amongst your changes of clothes or the pant leg of your paintball uniform. The electronic hopper is an important piece of equipment that the performance of your gun will depend heavily on. There are not many protective cases specifically for paintball loaders for sale however some brands come with them. It’s best to find the right size plastic container for safe storage and transporting of your loader, especially if you’ve paid a lot for it. When transporting (and storing), it’s best to take out the batteries of electronic hoppers to avoid the potential disaster from a leak.

Transporting your paintball gun in a separate case is the smartest way to go. For the most complete protection, a hard case is the best choice and will keep your marker the safest. Unless you’re using a full size rifle case, most paintball gun cases are fairly compact and fit well inside a larger duffle or gear bag. If you don’t have access to a hard case, you can opt for a soft sided case however this should also be wrapped in your jersey and/or paintball pants for as much protection as possible. When packing, always separate the barrel from your gun, pack them in padding and preferably together. Some marker barrels have their own carrying case and these are good to use for the safest travel. If you’re flying to a scenario woodsball event, carrying a realistic military paintball gun either through the airport or on the plane is not recommended. With how much turmoil there is in the world and added security at airports, an authentic replica assault rifle will surely raise an eyebrow and likely confiscated.

Advantages of Using a Travel Coffee Mug

A travel coffee mug is a small or medium sized mug that has heat insulation capabilities and is used to take coffee while on the move. This mug is a great friend of people who love coffee and require traveling frequently. If you are a person who travels and loves coffee, this might be something that you would want to look at.

A travel coffee mug has the potential to cater a number of advantages. While some of them are trivially obvious, there are some other non-trivial unless you think of it. The major advantages of travel mugs follow.

  • Coffee on the move: This is the most obvious use of a travel coffee mug – for consuming coffee while traveling in a vehicle or walking. The mug is made such that the chances of spilling coffee are minimized.
  • Single versus multiple servings – control of coffee intake: You may want to use a single-serving smaller mug versus a multi-serving medium/larger mug depending on whether you want to restrict your coffee intake or not.
  • Make coffee once, enjoy many times: You can make the coffee only once and store it in your travel coffee mug. If the mug is big enough, you can easily store three to four servings. The insulation system of the mug will ensure that the coffee temperature is preserved and you can enjoy it much later too.
  • Cold coffee: Remember, the heat insulation functions by not allowing heat to escape. This essentially means that you shall not only be able to enjoy hot coffee but it will work for cold coffee too.
  • Reusability for other beverages: It is not that you have to use the travel coffee mug only for drinking coffee just because you are doing that today – you may as well think of using it for some other beverage on some other day if you feel so.

By the way, did you realize that a travel coffee mug is a nice gift item to gift within your family and a cheap enough gift item to present to your esteemed clients once in a while?

Scooter Mileage – How Far Can Your Scooter Travel Per Charge?

Scooters range in the mileage they can get depending on what type of scooter and the brand. You have electric scooters and gas powered scooters from many different companies. I am going to talk about the mileage and usage of the Razor Electric Scooters. There are a lot of different options with Razor electric scooters, like color speed, size, seat options, distance you can travel and more. In the Razor electric scooter line there are 3 main scooters and then variations of each. First you have the E100 series, next is the E200 and E200S, finally the E300 and E300S. All these scooters offer benefits to the rider that may be riding them. Some are better for beginner, some are better for those that want speed, and some are better for those that want comfort. Whatever the case may be there is a Razor electric scooter for pretty much anyone.

The E100 is the most simple of all the electric scooters from razor. It is the least expensive, lightest, comes in two colors, but does not have an option for a seat. The E100 comes in red and pink. It goes up to 10 mph and as far as the E100 mileage, its good. You can travel anywhere from 5 to 10 miles on one charge, often lasting up to 40 minutes of ride time. The mileage and speed is going to vary slightly depending on the weight and driving style of the operator.

The E200 is the second in Razors electric scooter line. The E200 gets a little bit better then the E100. First it has an option of a seat. That comes with the E200S. That way if you want to just cruise around you can sit down or stand up, whatever is most comfortable to you. The E200 travels up to 13 mph and can travel up to 10 miles per charge. The E200 can last up to 45 minutes per charge.

The E300 is the best electric scooter in the Razor line. The E300 also has a seat option available in the E300S. The E300 is the fastest and the best. It can travel more the 10 miles and up to 15 mph and more, with some riders, per charge. You can ride this scooter for nearly an hour per charge. Traveling 15 mph on a scooter is quite fast. Even though it may not seem like that is very fast, when you get the wind blowing in your face and your feet that close to the ground you may back off the throttle a little bit.

The Electric Razor Scooter line is top of the line and has options for everyone. If you are young or a beginner start with the E100 or E200. If you are looking for speed and distance the E300 is for you. If you would rather have the option of comfort and the ability to sit down then the E200S or the E300S are right for you. What ever the case may be these scooters are a blast to ride.